Fariduddin Ganjshakar

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[[Category:Awliya]]
 
[[Category:Awliya]]
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{{Infobox religious biography
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| name          = Fariduddin Ganjshakar
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| full_name          = Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar
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| image          = [[File:Fariduddin -Dargah-1.jpg|250px|]]
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| caption = Hazrat Fariduddin Ganjshakar’s mausoleum in Delhi, India
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| order      = [[Chisti]]
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| birth_date = 569 AH/1179 AD
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| birth_place = Khotwal, Multan District, Pakistan
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| death_date = 661 AH/1263 AD
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| death_place =  Pakpattan, Pakistan
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| resting_place  = Pakpattan, Pakistan
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| title          = Ganjskahar (treasury of sweetness)
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| Predecessor    = [[Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki]]
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}}
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'''Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar''' was one of the most brilliant personalities of the Chishti Order of Sufis in India. After the untimely death of Hazrat Khwaja [[Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki]], the mantlepiece of India's spiritual leadership within the illustrious Chishti Order fell upon the shoulders of Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar of Pakpatan, popularly known as "'''Baha Farid'''" and "'''Baba Ganjshakar'''".
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==Family & Lineage==
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During the ups and downs of the political condition of Afghanistan, due to constant wars between the rulers of Ghazni and the Ghauri dynasties (548-584 A.H.), Hazrat Sheikh Shuaib, with his son Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman (father of Hazrat Baba Fariduddin), was reported to have migrated from Kabul to Lahore whence he went to Kasur and, later on, to Multan and then finally settled down in Khotwal or Kenhiwsi (a village near Multan) which, at present, is known by the name of Chawli-Mashaikh.
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Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman married Bibi Qursum Khatoon who was the daughter of Maulana Wajihuddin Khijwandi, a very learned and pious gentleman, who was one of the descendants of Hazrat Abbas-bin-Abdul Muttallib and who had also migrated from Kabul to India and had settled down in a village called Kot-Kiror in the vicinity of Multan.
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Bibi Qursum was a very pious lady. Hazrat [[Nizamuddin Aulia]] reports that one night a thief entered her house.  The Bibi Qursum was awake and as she cast a glance over the thief, he at once lost his eyesight and started wailing. Ultimately he prayed; "If Bibi Qursum would restore my eyesight, I pledge, I shall give up stealing forever." Bibi Qursum felt pity upon him and prayed for the restoration of his eyesight and, by the grace of God, the thief's sight was restored. He fell apologetically at the feet of Bibi Qursum in grateful submission. Next morning he and his whole family embraced Islam. He was given the Islamic name of Abdulla with the title of "Chawli-Mashaikh" which became the second popular name of village Khotwal. Hazrat Khwaja Shuaib, his son Khwaja Jamaluddin and Bibi Qursum Khatoon, all died in Khotwal and their 'muzaars' (tombs)  stand there up to this day.
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Hazrat Jamaluddin and Bibi Qursum bore 3 sons and one daughter:
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#Hazrat Aizazuddin
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#Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar
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#Hazrat Najibuddin Mutawakkal
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#Bibi Hajra, also known as "Jameela Khatoon", who was the mother of Hazrat Makhdoom Allauddin Ali Ahmed Saabir of Kalyar, the 3rd Spiritual Successor in the Chishtia Order.
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===Birth===
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He was born on the night of 29th Shaabaan in 569 A.H. in Khotwal. There are different versions about his date of birth but, by consensus of opinion. 569 A.H. is taken to be the correct date. Two miracles surrounded his birth indicating that Hazrat Baba Fariduddin was indeed a born 'wali'.
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====Miracles Surrounding his Birth====
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One day, during her pregnancy period, Hazrat Baba Farid's mother wanted to pluck some plums from her neighbour's tree without his permission. However, the child in her womb (Hazrat Baba Farid) created a severe pain in her stomach that forced her to abandon this idea. A few years after Baba Farid's birth, his mother one day expressed: "My dear son, during your confinement I have never eaten anything which was unlawful," Baba Farid however
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smiled and said: "But, dear mother, you wanted to pluck some plums from our neighbour's tree without his permission when I had created a severe pain in your stomach which saved you from that unlawful act", and on that note, he ran out of the house to play while his mother stood wonder-struck. She felt that the child would some day be a great saint.
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Another miracles narrates that as stated above, Baba Farid was born on the night falling between the 29th of Shaabaan and 1st of Ramadan. Owing to cloudy weather on the evening of 29th, people could not see the moon to determine the beginning of the Ramadan month according to Islamic calendar, and were in a state of uncertainty as to whether they should or should not commence fasting from the next morning. They approached Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman, father of Baba Farid, for a 'Fatwa' in this matter. He said: "If there was any doubt about the appearance of moon, then the commencement of fasting would be against the 'Shariat'. In the meantime, a dervish appeared on the scene and, on being questioned about his opinion in this matter, he said:
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{{cquote|Why worry and remain in doubt? A child is to be born in the house of Hazrat Jamaluddin tonight who would be the 'Qutub' (spiritual monarch) of his time. If the child did not take its mother's milk tonight you should think that the moon has appeared and the Ramdan month will start from tomorrow."||}}
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Thus, early in the morning at the time of 'sehri' (between 4 and 5 A.M.) people made anxious enquiries at Hazrat Jamaluddin's house about the dervish's prophesy and were surprised to learn that the newly born child had not taken his mother's milk after midnight. With this corroboration, people started fasting. Later on, in the day, news came from Multan and other places that moon had appeared and the month of Ramdan had begun from that very day. Throughout the month of Ramdan, Baba Farid did not touch his mother's milk during the day except at the time of 'Iftaar'. <ref>Sheikh-ush-Shayookh-e-Alam by Taalib Hashmi</ref>
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===Geneological Tree===
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*Amir-Ul-Momineen Hazrat Umar Farooq {{ra}}, father of
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*Hazrat Abdulla, father of
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*Hazrat Naasir or Hazrat Mansoor or Hazrat Salmaan, father of
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*Hazrat Suleman, father of
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*Hazrat Adham, father of
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*Hazrat Ibrahim of Balakh, father of
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*Hazrat Ishaq, father of
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*Hazrat Waiz-ul-Akbar Abil Fateh, father of
 +
*Hazrat Waiz-ul-Asghar Abdulla, father of
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*Hazrat Masood, father of
 +
*Hazrat Suleman, father of
 +
*Hazrat Saamaan Shah, father of
 +
*Hazrat Raseeman Shah, father of
 +
*Hazrat Naseeruddin father, of
 +
*Sheikh Ahmed Farrukh Shah Kabli, father of
 +
*Hazrat Shihabuddin, father of
 +
*Hazrat Mohammed, father of
 +
*Hazrat Yusuf, father of
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*Hazrat Sheikh Ahmed Shaheed, father of
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*Hazrat Shuaib, father of
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*Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman, father of
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*Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar. <ref>Khazinat-ul-Asfia by Ghulam Sarwar of Lahore</ref>
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==Education & Initiation==
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Like his spiritual predecessors, Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin also lost his father at an early age, and so full responsibility of his education devolved upon his mother, who took special interest in providing the best education in Islamic tradition. After he had completed his early religious education at the age of 7 in Khotwal, she sent him to Multan for his higher education. Here he stayed in a mosque where he learned the Holy Quran by heart and studied Hadith, Fiqah, Philosophy and Logic under the tutorship of the famous Maulana Minhajuddin.
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During his education at Multan, Hazrat Khwaja [[Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki]] of Delhi visited the city and happened to come to the mosque for his Namaz where Baba Farid was receiving his education. As soon as Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin saw Baba Farid, he was highly impressed by his demeanour and exceptional qualities which he perceived through his intuitive abilities. He at once accepted Baba Farid as his 'mureed' and so long as he stayed in Multan, Baba Farid visited him daily and derived much benefit through his association. When Hazrat Qutbuddin made his way for Delhi, Baba Farid offered to follow him but he was advised to remain and complete his studies, and also to undertake a tour in Islamic countries in order to mature his experience by coming in contact with the leading saints or Sufis. Baba Farid obeyed, and, soon after his Pir's departure, he also started on a long journey towards Ghazni, Bhaghdad, Sewastan, Badakhshan, Jerusalem, Mecca and Medina. For about 18 years, from 593 to 611AH, Baba Fariduddin remained on this prolonged tour, meeting many great dervishes and saints and thus gaining immense benefit and knowledge from their experiences in Sufism.
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==Quotes & Sayings==
 
==Quotes & Sayings==
 
{{Quote||1 Escaping from one's [[Nafs|self]] is (a means of) attainting to God.}}
 
{{Quote||1 Escaping from one's [[Nafs|self]] is (a means of) attainting to God.}}

Revision as of 23:22, 23 June 2012


Fariduddin Ganjshakar
Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar
File:Fariduddin -Dargah-1.jpg
Hazrat Fariduddin Ganjshakar’s mausoleum in Delhi, India
Order Chisti
Born 569 AH/1179 AD
Khotwal, Multan District, Pakistan
Passed away 661 AH/1263 AD
Pakpattan, Pakistan
Resting place Pakpattan, Pakistan
Title(s) Ganjskahar (treasury of sweetness)
Predecessor Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki

Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar was one of the most brilliant personalities of the Chishti Order of Sufis in India. After the untimely death of Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, the mantlepiece of India's spiritual leadership within the illustrious Chishti Order fell upon the shoulders of Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar of Pakpatan, popularly known as "Baha Farid" and "Baba Ganjshakar".

Contents

Family & Lineage

During the ups and downs of the political condition of Afghanistan, due to constant wars between the rulers of Ghazni and the Ghauri dynasties (548-584 A.H.), Hazrat Sheikh Shuaib, with his son Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman (father of Hazrat Baba Fariduddin), was reported to have migrated from Kabul to Lahore whence he went to Kasur and, later on, to Multan and then finally settled down in Khotwal or Kenhiwsi (a village near Multan) which, at present, is known by the name of Chawli-Mashaikh.

Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman married Bibi Qursum Khatoon who was the daughter of Maulana Wajihuddin Khijwandi, a very learned and pious gentleman, who was one of the descendants of Hazrat Abbas-bin-Abdul Muttallib and who had also migrated from Kabul to India and had settled down in a village called Kot-Kiror in the vicinity of Multan.

Bibi Qursum was a very pious lady. Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia reports that one night a thief entered her house. The Bibi Qursum was awake and as she cast a glance over the thief, he at once lost his eyesight and started wailing. Ultimately he prayed; "If Bibi Qursum would restore my eyesight, I pledge, I shall give up stealing forever." Bibi Qursum felt pity upon him and prayed for the restoration of his eyesight and, by the grace of God, the thief's sight was restored. He fell apologetically at the feet of Bibi Qursum in grateful submission. Next morning he and his whole family embraced Islam. He was given the Islamic name of Abdulla with the title of "Chawli-Mashaikh" which became the second popular name of village Khotwal. Hazrat Khwaja Shuaib, his son Khwaja Jamaluddin and Bibi Qursum Khatoon, all died in Khotwal and their 'muzaars' (tombs) stand there up to this day.

Hazrat Jamaluddin and Bibi Qursum bore 3 sons and one daughter:

  1. Hazrat Aizazuddin
  2. Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar
  3. Hazrat Najibuddin Mutawakkal
  4. Bibi Hajra, also known as "Jameela Khatoon", who was the mother of Hazrat Makhdoom Allauddin Ali Ahmed Saabir of Kalyar, the 3rd Spiritual Successor in the Chishtia Order.

Birth

He was born on the night of 29th Shaabaan in 569 A.H. in Khotwal. There are different versions about his date of birth but, by consensus of opinion. 569 A.H. is taken to be the correct date. Two miracles surrounded his birth indicating that Hazrat Baba Fariduddin was indeed a born 'wali'.

Miracles Surrounding his Birth

One day, during her pregnancy period, Hazrat Baba Farid's mother wanted to pluck some plums from her neighbour's tree without his permission. However, the child in her womb (Hazrat Baba Farid) created a severe pain in her stomach that forced her to abandon this idea. A few years after Baba Farid's birth, his mother one day expressed: "My dear son, during your confinement I have never eaten anything which was unlawful," Baba Farid however smiled and said: "But, dear mother, you wanted to pluck some plums from our neighbour's tree without his permission when I had created a severe pain in your stomach which saved you from that unlawful act", and on that note, he ran out of the house to play while his mother stood wonder-struck. She felt that the child would some day be a great saint.

Another miracles narrates that as stated above, Baba Farid was born on the night falling between the 29th of Shaabaan and 1st of Ramadan. Owing to cloudy weather on the evening of 29th, people could not see the moon to determine the beginning of the Ramadan month according to Islamic calendar, and were in a state of uncertainty as to whether they should or should not commence fasting from the next morning. They approached Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman, father of Baba Farid, for a 'Fatwa' in this matter. He said: "If there was any doubt about the appearance of moon, then the commencement of fasting would be against the 'Shariat'. In the meantime, a dervish appeared on the scene and, on being questioned about his opinion in this matter, he said:

Why worry and remain in doubt? A child is to be born in the house of Hazrat Jamaluddin tonight who would be the 'Qutub' (spiritual monarch) of his time. If the child did not take its mother's milk tonight you should think that the moon has appeared and the Ramdan month will start from tomorrow."

Thus, early in the morning at the time of 'sehri' (between 4 and 5 A.M.) people made anxious enquiries at Hazrat Jamaluddin's house about the dervish's prophesy and were surprised to learn that the newly born child had not taken his mother's milk after midnight. With this corroboration, people started fasting. Later on, in the day, news came from Multan and other places that moon had appeared and the month of Ramdan had begun from that very day. Throughout the month of Ramdan, Baba Farid did not touch his mother's milk during the day except at the time of 'Iftaar'. [1]

Geneological Tree

  • Amir-Ul-Momineen Hazrat Umar Farooq Ra.gif, father of
  • Hazrat Abdulla, father of
  • Hazrat Naasir or Hazrat Mansoor or Hazrat Salmaan, father of
  • Hazrat Suleman, father of
  • Hazrat Adham, father of
  • Hazrat Ibrahim of Balakh, father of
  • Hazrat Ishaq, father of
  • Hazrat Waiz-ul-Akbar Abil Fateh, father of
  • Hazrat Waiz-ul-Asghar Abdulla, father of
  • Hazrat Masood, father of
  • Hazrat Suleman, father of
  • Hazrat Saamaan Shah, father of
  • Hazrat Raseeman Shah, father of
  • Hazrat Naseeruddin father, of
  • Sheikh Ahmed Farrukh Shah Kabli, father of
  • Hazrat Shihabuddin, father of
  • Hazrat Mohammed, father of
  • Hazrat Yusuf, father of
  • Hazrat Sheikh Ahmed Shaheed, father of
  • Hazrat Shuaib, father of
  • Hazrat Jamaluddin Suleman, father of
  • Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin Masood Ganjshakar. [2]

Education & Initiation

Like his spiritual predecessors, Hazrat Khwaja Fariduddin also lost his father at an early age, and so full responsibility of his education devolved upon his mother, who took special interest in providing the best education in Islamic tradition. After he had completed his early religious education at the age of 7 in Khotwal, she sent him to Multan for his higher education. Here he stayed in a mosque where he learned the Holy Quran by heart and studied Hadith, Fiqah, Philosophy and Logic under the tutorship of the famous Maulana Minhajuddin.

During his education at Multan, Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki of Delhi visited the city and happened to come to the mosque for his Namaz where Baba Farid was receiving his education. As soon as Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin saw Baba Farid, he was highly impressed by his demeanour and exceptional qualities which he perceived through his intuitive abilities. He at once accepted Baba Farid as his 'mureed' and so long as he stayed in Multan, Baba Farid visited him daily and derived much benefit through his association. When Hazrat Qutbuddin made his way for Delhi, Baba Farid offered to follow him but he was advised to remain and complete his studies, and also to undertake a tour in Islamic countries in order to mature his experience by coming in contact with the leading saints or Sufis. Baba Farid obeyed, and, soon after his Pir's departure, he also started on a long journey towards Ghazni, Bhaghdad, Sewastan, Badakhshan, Jerusalem, Mecca and Medina. For about 18 years, from 593 to 611AH, Baba Fariduddin remained on this prolonged tour, meeting many great dervishes and saints and thus gaining immense benefit and knowledge from their experiences in Sufism.

Quotes & Sayings

1 Escaping from one's self is (a means of) attainting to God.
2. Do not satisfy the demands of the physical self, for the more you satisfy it, the more it demands.
3. Do not regard the ignorant as alive.
4. Do not hanker after worldly pelf and glory.
5. Do not eat everybody's bread, but give bread to people (freely).
6. Do not forget death at any place.
7. Whenever an evil befalls you, consider it a punishment of your sins.
8. Do not make your heart a plaything of the devil.
9. Keep your internal self better than the external self.
10. Do not lower yourself in an attempt to secure a high position.
11. Aspire for new (spiritual) attainments every day.
12. Consider good health a blessing.
13. While doing good to others, think that you are doing good to yourself.
14. Give up immediately the pursuit of a thing which your heart considers bad.
15. Do not fight or quarrel in a manner which leaves no room for reconciliation.
16. Consider levity and anger as signs of weakness
17. Do not consider yourself safe from an enemy howsoever conciliatory he might be towards you.
18. Of all times self-restraint is most necessary at the time of sexual desire.
19. Show generosity to the righteous man.
20. Consider haughtiness necessary in dealing with the proud ones.
21. When God visits you with some calamity, do not turn away from it.
22. Defeat your enemy by consulting him and captivate your friend by your politeness.
23. Consider worldliness as an unforeseen calamity.
24. Be critical of your own shortcomings.
25. Do not lose your temper at the bitter words of the enemy and do not lose your shield by being overpowered with anger.
26. If you do not want to be held in disgrace, do not beg for anything.
27. If you want greatness associate with the downtrodden.
28. If you want ease and comfort, do not be jealous.
29. Accept affliction as a present.
30. Work in a way that may get (eternal) life after death.
31. Baba Farid said four questions were put to 700 saints and all of them gave the same reply. These questions were:

i. Who is the wisest? "One who rejects the world," they replied. ii. Who is the most saintly? "One who does not get changed at everything." iii. Who is the richest and the wealthiest of all men? "One who is content."

iv. Who is the most needy? "One who gives up contentment.','
32. The Prophet ﷺ used to say that blessed is the man whose knowledge of his own faults and defects prevents him from disclosing the faults of others.
33. Mystic music (Sama) moves the hearts of the listeners and breathes the fire of love in their hearts.
34. A life of poverty (Faqr) and resignation (Tawakkul) was the frequent burthen of Baba Farid's discourses. He wanted his disciples to accept the life of penury and penitence with pleasure and devote themselves to Him and Him alone. He was keenly conscious of the fact that the highest spiritual aspirations of man are apt to become stifled by the weight of his material possessions and that riches often arrest the growth arid expansion of the spirit. "The day of failure," he used to say, "is the night of the highest spiritual ascension."
35. Shaikh Farid did not want his disciple to waste their time in idle or loose talk. "One should work," he told his disciple, "and should not loose himself in the talks of .the people." He approvingly quoted the remarks of Shaikh Jalal-u-din Tabrizi: "Many utterances lull the heart and make it indifferent (to the Divine message). Only that thing should be uttered which is for the Lord alone.

[3] [4] [5]

References

  1. Sheikh-ush-Shayookh-e-Alam by Taalib Hashmi
  2. Khazinat-ul-Asfia by Ghulam Sarwar of Lahore
  3. The Life and Times of Shaikh Farid-u'd-din Ganj-i-Shakar - Khaliq Ahmad Nizami
  4. Fawaid-ul-Fuad
  5. 101 Great Mystics of Islam - Muhammad Riaz Qadiri
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