Ashraf Jahangir Semnani

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "Category:Awliya {{Infobox religious biography | name = Ashraf Jahangir Simnani | full_name = Hazrat Khawaja Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani | ima...")
 
Line 11: Line 11:
 
| death_date = 1405 AD / 807 AH
 
| death_date = 1405 AD / 807 AH
 
| death_place =  Kichocha Sharif, [[wikipedia:Ambedkar_Nagar_district|Ambedkar Nagar]], India.
 
| death_place =  Kichocha Sharif, [[wikipedia:Ambedkar_Nagar_district|Ambedkar Nagar]], India.
| title          = Jahangir
+
| title          = Jahangir (Holder of the world)
  
 
Ghousul Alam
 
Ghousul Alam
Line 18: Line 18:
 
}}
 
}}
 
'''Hazrat Khawaja Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani''' (Urdu and Persian:سیداشرف جهانگیر سمنانی) (born 1308 AD / 708 AH and died 1405 AD / 807 AH) was a Sufi Saint of both the [[Chishti]] and [[Qadiri]] Orders of Sufism.
 
'''Hazrat Khawaja Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani''' (Urdu and Persian:سیداشرف جهانگیر سمنانی) (born 1308 AD / 708 AH and died 1405 AD / 807 AH) was a Sufi Saint of both the [[Chishti]] and [[Qadiri]] Orders of Sufism.
 +
 +
He travelled extensively with Amir Syed Ali of Hamadan. Coming to India, he became a spiritual disciple of Shaikh Ala-ul-Haq, son of Asad of Lahore. After his initiation, he traversed the path of spiritual perfection with speed, grace, and distinction. He was a contemporary of Qazi Shahab-ud-din of Daulatabad.
  
 
==Family & Lineage==
 
==Family & Lineage==
Line 49: Line 51:
 
* Imam Hossain {{ra}}
 
* Imam Hossain {{ra}}
 
* Hazrat Ali {{ra}}
 
* Hazrat Ali {{ra}}
 +
 +
==Character==
 +
He was a very learned man; a perfect dervish. He was endowed with miracles and could combat jinns, and his name is still invoked for this. His letters discuss various points and illuminate many aspects of mysticism.
 +
 +
==Teachings==
 +
He says that tanhid, i.e., knowing God as one, means and implies that the lover may merge himself in the qualities of the beloved. Attention of an individual should be solely and entirely towards God under all circumstances, whether it be joy or grief, pain or pleasure. Every thing should be considered to emanate from God, as the pen in the hand of the writer.1 Every thing should be considered as a useless and every person should be considered as a non-entity before God.
 +
 +
According to him, it is necessary for the sufis to be acquainted with the knowledge of the unity of God, for tariqat and haqiqat depend upon this very knowledge.
 +
 +
Defining a saint, he says that he is one who has the love of God in his heart, and cares for no one else but God. He should be pure for it is necessary for prophets to be innocent. A saint should be immune from committing even minor sins.
 +
 +
==Miracles==
 +
One day he called the cat of Kamal Pandit and narrated to the cat the implications of inner knowledge. After listening to him for sometime, the cat remained fell unconscious. When it regained consciousness, she kissed his feet.
 +
 +
Since that day, the cat was always with his devotees and would listen with rapt attention to the religious and spiritual discourses and would notify the arrival of guests by mewing as many times as the number of guests that had arrived.
 +
 +
After his passing away, the cat lived on for sometime. During the lifetime of Hazrat Syed Abd-ur-Razzaq, a special dish was being prepared in a cauldron. A black snake fell to the cauldron. The cat repeatedly pointed out this through gesture, but nobody took any notice. The cat eventually leapt into the cauldron and died, and only then was the black snake was discovered.
 +
Thereupon the ''sajjadanashin'' (spiritual successor) Hazrat Abd-ur-Razzaq said that the cat laid down its life for the sake of faqirs, and it was accordingly buried.
 +
 +
==Passing on==
 +
Hazrat Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani lies buried in a small town named Kicchocha Sharif, [[wikipedia:Ambedkar_Nagar_district|Ambedkar Nagar District]], India.
 +
 +
==Sayings & Quotes==
 +
{{Quote||So long as one is not disinterested in the affiliations and attractions of the world, one Will not be benefited by frequent prayer and desirable ascetic practices.}}
 +
{{Quote||He who does not take to rigours and ascetic practices will not acquire the wealth of vision.}}
 +
{{Quote||Sainthood means that an individual continues to exist after annihilation and is endowed with purity and serenity.}}
 +
{{Quote||Do not view anyone with contempt, for the friends of God are often hidden.}}
 +
{{Quote||The enlightened should see manifestation of the Glory of God in all creation.}}
 +
{{Quote||The censured one is he who neither discloses the good, nor hides the evil.}}

Revision as of 01:43, 21 June 2012

Ashraf Jahangir Simnani
Hazrat Khawaja Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani
Order Chishti, Qadiri, Ashrafi (founder)
Born 1308 AD / 708 AH
Semnan, Iran
Passed away 1405 AD / 807 AH
Kichocha Sharif, Ambedkar Nagar, India.
Title(s)

Jahangir (Holder of the world)

Ghousul Alam

Mahboobe Yazdani

Hazrat Khawaja Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (Urdu and Persian:سیداشرف جهانگیر سمنانی) (born 1308 AD / 708 AH and died 1405 AD / 807 AH) was a Sufi Saint of both the Chishti and Qadiri Orders of Sufism.

He travelled extensively with Amir Syed Ali of Hamadan. Coming to India, he became a spiritual disciple of Shaikh Ala-ul-Haq, son of Asad of Lahore. After his initiation, he traversed the path of spiritual perfection with speed, grace, and distinction. He was a contemporary of Qazi Shahab-ud-din of Daulatabad.

Contents

Family & Lineage

Hazrat Khawaja Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani was born in 708 AH (1308 CE) in Semnan, where his family originated from. He settled in Kicchocha Sharif, Ambedkar Nagar District, Uttar Pradesh in northern India, were he expanded the Chishti and the Qadiri orders, to a point where a branch of these orders was started after him, known as the Ashrafia order.

Ashraf Jahangir Semnani was a direct descendent of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, his daughter Fatimah (ra), through her son Husayn ibn Ali Ra.gif and his great grandson Ja'far al-Sadiq Ra.gif. His father was Syed Ibrahim Noor Bakshi, the king of Semnan, where he ruled with utmost Justice and sincerity for 20 years. He was not only a king, but a proficient scholar of theology, and inwardly inclined to mysticism (Tasuwwuf). He respected Islamic savants and patronized Islamic institutions. He often met mystics (Sufiya) of his time and gained mystical knowledge. He constructed a Khanqah (an abode for holy men) of Hazrat Shaikh Hasan Sakkak and shrine of Imame Azam (ra) He was deeply fond of studying books, particularly Tarikhe Tibri. Twelve thousand Islamic institutions functioned under his regime.

Bibi Khadija Begam (ra), the mother of Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Semnani (ra), belonged to the dynasty of Khwaja Ahmed Yeswi (ra) who was a distinguished Sufi of his time and founder of The Yewaisia order. She was brought up in pure religious surroundings and was deeply religious, pious and godly. She passed most of his time in prayer and recitation of the holy Quran. She often observed fasting in day and woke up at night to be engrossed in prayer. She was punctual to Tahajjud (Prayer said after midnight).

The lineage of Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Semnani (ra) is shown below:

  • Syed Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (ra), son of
  • Sultan Syed Ibrahim Noor Bakhshi (ra), son of
  • Sultan Syed Imaduddin Noor Bakhshi (ra), son of
  • Sultan Syed Nizamuddin Alisher (ra), son of
  • Sultan Zahiruddin Mohammad (ra), son of
  • Sultan Tajuddin Bahlol (ra), son of
  • Syed Mohammad Noor Bakshi (ra), son of
  • Syed Mehdi (ra), son of
  • Syed Kamaluddin (ra), son of
  • Syed Jamaluddin (ra),son of
  • Syed Hasan Sharif (ra), son of
  • Syed Abu Mohammad (ra), son of
  • Syed Abul Moosa Ali (ra), son of
  • Syed Ismail Sani (ra), son of
  • Syed Abul Hasan Mohammad (ra), son of
  • Syed Ismail Arij (ra), son of
  • Hazrat Jafar Sadique (ra), son of
  • Imam Mohammad Baqar (ra), son of
  • Imam Zainul Abedin Ra.gif
  • Imam Hossain Ra.gif
  • Hazrat Ali Ra.gif

Character

He was a very learned man; a perfect dervish. He was endowed with miracles and could combat jinns, and his name is still invoked for this. His letters discuss various points and illuminate many aspects of mysticism.

Teachings

He says that tanhid, i.e., knowing God as one, means and implies that the lover may merge himself in the qualities of the beloved. Attention of an individual should be solely and entirely towards God under all circumstances, whether it be joy or grief, pain or pleasure. Every thing should be considered to emanate from God, as the pen in the hand of the writer.1 Every thing should be considered as a useless and every person should be considered as a non-entity before God.

According to him, it is necessary for the sufis to be acquainted with the knowledge of the unity of God, for tariqat and haqiqat depend upon this very knowledge.

Defining a saint, he says that he is one who has the love of God in his heart, and cares for no one else but God. He should be pure for it is necessary for prophets to be innocent. A saint should be immune from committing even minor sins.

Miracles

One day he called the cat of Kamal Pandit and narrated to the cat the implications of inner knowledge. After listening to him for sometime, the cat remained fell unconscious. When it regained consciousness, she kissed his feet.

Since that day, the cat was always with his devotees and would listen with rapt attention to the religious and spiritual discourses and would notify the arrival of guests by mewing as many times as the number of guests that had arrived.

After his passing away, the cat lived on for sometime. During the lifetime of Hazrat Syed Abd-ur-Razzaq, a special dish was being prepared in a cauldron. A black snake fell to the cauldron. The cat repeatedly pointed out this through gesture, but nobody took any notice. The cat eventually leapt into the cauldron and died, and only then was the black snake was discovered. Thereupon the sajjadanashin (spiritual successor) Hazrat Abd-ur-Razzaq said that the cat laid down its life for the sake of faqirs, and it was accordingly buried.

Passing on

Hazrat Syed Ashraf Jahangir Simnani lies buried in a small town named Kicchocha Sharif, Ambedkar Nagar District, India.

Sayings & Quotes

So long as one is not disinterested in the affiliations and attractions of the world, one Will not be benefited by frequent prayer and desirable ascetic practices.
He who does not take to rigours and ascetic practices will not acquire the wealth of vision.
Sainthood means that an individual continues to exist after annihilation and is endowed with purity and serenity.
Do not view anyone with contempt, for the friends of God are often hidden.
The enlightened should see manifestation of the Glory of God in all creation.
The censured one is he who neither discloses the good, nor hides the evil.
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
 
Navigation
AWLIYA
TARIQA
SUFI GLOSSARY
Toolbox
Share Article